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The Creation of the Universe and Mankind

By Elani Temperance

[Snip] I have explained before how I differentiate between mythology and philosophy, where I feel myth was inspired by the Theoi Themselves, while philosophy was created by humans who saw society and drew conclusions from it. These conclusions often included a religious aspect because society was religious (even though the ancient Hellenes didn’t have a word for ‘religion’), but at its core, they deal not with religious matters. They deal with the influence of religion on humanity and society. As such, philosophy–of which I am a great fan, by the way–will never be the foundation of my faith, because religion and philosophy have a different goal; one to guide mankind in the way of the Theoi, the other to understand mankind. There is nothing religious about the latter.

The ancient Hellenic philosophers and mythographers were pretty much in agreement, however, that the Gods, indeed, created us. How, exactly, that happened varies greatly. Let’s do a bit of cosmology first, however. The most famous account of how everything came to be comes from Hesiod. His ‘Theogogy’ is a complete recounting of the story, starting with Khaos. . . .

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