A sample text widget

Etiam pulvinar consectetur dolor sed malesuada. Ut convallis euismod dolor nec pretium. Nunc ut tristique massa.

Nam sodales mi vitae dolor ullamcorper et vulputate enim accumsan. Morbi orci magna, tincidunt vitae molestie nec, molestie at mi. Nulla nulla lorem, suscipit in posuere in, interdum non magna.

George Gemistos Plethon and His Hymns to the Gods

By Elani Temprance

George Gemistos Plethon (1355–1452/1454 A.D.) was a Greek scholar of Neoplatonic philosophy. He re-introduced Plato’s thoughts to Western Europe during the 1438 – 1439 Council of Florence, and was one of the chief pioneers of the revival of Greek learning in Western Europe. He was a follower of the Hellenic Gods and fought to have Them be worshipped again, like They had been in the past. He was a Humanist, and refused to absorb Plato’s dogmas into a Christian context, making him one of the first ‘Pagan’ Neo-Platonists.

Plethon–as he came to be known–had some strong ideas about how to re-establish this worship. Believing that the Peloponnesians, his people, were direct descendants of the ancient Hellenes, Plethon looked to re-create the Hellenistic civilization to far larger extends than just religiously. In his 1415 and 1418 pamphlets to this effect, he suggested ruler Manuel II and his son Theodore:

– turn the peninsula into a cultural island with a new constitution of strongly centralised monarchy advised by a small body of middle-class educated men

– the army must be composed only of professional native Greek soldiers, who would be supported by the taxpayers

Read the full article

Comments are closed.