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Some Differences between Wiccan and Celtic Paganism

Cosmology – Wicca uses a “four elements” cosmology deriving from medieval alchemy, which in turn, came from Greek philosophy. Wicca categorizes these four elements according to the cardinal directions, with a long list of associations for each. Celtic cosmology is based on threes. A primary example of this is the “three realms” of Land, Sea, and Sky.

Deities – In Wicca, the deities are thought of as archetypes: “all gods are one god, all goddesses are one goddess”. So they are mix and matched, the belief being that they all come from the same source, so it makes no difference. The deities are categorized as to their usefulness for spells. It is common to hear among Wiccans that they “use” this or that deity for a certain spell or ritual.

Celtic Paganism is polytheistic, holding the belief that the gods are individuals. Celtic ritual emphasizes offering to, worshiping, the Celtic deities, Ancestors, and Spirits of Nature. Many Celtic gods and goddesses are triune in nature, however, none of the Celtic goddesses are referred to as “maiden, mother and crone”. That is a thoroughly modern archetypal concept found in Wicca. In Celtic cosmology, the deities are also our ancestors. Veneration of ancestors is also very important in Celtic Paganism.

Read the original article at: Ozark Pagan Mamma

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