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KALEVALA and Finnish Paganism

Before the advent of the written word, storytellers had to use creative methods to ensure that their stories were not forgotten. That is why they introduced alliteration, rhythm, hymns and repetitions. The verses would be sang or repeated in the kind of droning voices that monks use to remember long texts. This is how the Edda, the Iliad, Beowulf and Ramayana survived until the stories could be written down. This is also the story of Finland’s national epic, the Kalevala.

All over Finland “rune songs” with different stories were sung from 1000 B.C until the 1500’s when the Lutheran Church following the Reformation, banned them as being pagan. Although the tradition soon disappeared from the western parts of Finland, there was a foothold of the songs and singers in Karelia and in Archangel’s Karelia on the Russian side. A few of these songs were recorded in the 1600’s, but it is thanks to Elias Lönnrot and his eleven trips to the region that we have the Kalevala with the rune songs from the last generation of singers.

Read the original article at: search/Kalevala.htm” target=”_blank” >Nordic Way

Read the original article at: search/Kalevala.htm” target=”_blank” >Nordic Way

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